Effect of turbulence on algae growth

Turbulence plays a significant role in the production of algae. Turbulence enhances the movement of algae cells in fluids. Algae depend on light energy for photosynthesis, hence considering that light decreases exponentially with depth in fluids, turbulence is essential for exposing the algae cells to light. Furthermore, turbulence improves the exchange of carbon and oxygen masses between the atmosphere and algae growth medium. Turbulent mixing also ensures continuous supply of nutrients to the algae cells. However, it is important to note that a compromise between turbulence and light energy is required for optimum algae growth otherwise excessive turbulence may kill the algae cells.